What are the dark circles under the eyes?
These are dark distinguished blemishes around the eyes that occur as we age. They are really distressing and distort the appearance of the eyes therefore their attractiveness. They may be inherited or acquired as in those caused by bruising.
How dark circles under the eyes are formed?
There are several causes of dark cycles under the eye. They can be divided into inherited and acquired causes.
- Genetic causes: If anybody in the family has dark circles under the eye, we are at increased risk of developing them. Those with fair skin or deep set eyes tend to have more noticeable dark circles.
- Thinning of skin: With age the skin under the eyes become depleted of fat and becomes thin. This exposes blood vessels just below the skin of the eye (periorbital) making them more noticeable leading to the appearance of dark cycles under the eyes. Exposure of the eyes to intense sunlight makes it worse by weakening the skin.
- Allergic conditions: allergic reaction to airborne materials such as pollen, dust and animal dander cause formation of dark circles under the eyes. As you rub your eyes to alleviate the inching you cause bruising of the periorbital leading to dark circles under the eyes.
- Lack of sleep (insomnia): Fatigue of the eye due to lack of sleep can make skin appear more pale making the underlying blood vessels visible giving the appearance of dark circles.
- Anemia (iron deficiency): This causes bluish discoloration under the eyes giving the appearance of dark circles under the eyes.
- Poor hydration (dehydration) can also cause the appearance of dark circles.
- Diseases that cause fluid retention cause the blood vessels beneath the skin under the eyes to become dilated and engorged giving rise to the dark circles. The conditions associated with this include kidney, heart, thyroid and liver diseases.
- Increased dietary salt intake and smoking are also well known causes of dark cycles under the eyes.
How to get rid of dark cycles under the eyes?
- Always drinks a lot of water. Drink at least eight glasses of water every day. This will help to get rid of dehydration and improve blood flow.
- Wear sunscreen under the eyes to prevent this skin from sunburn and development of dark circles.
- Make sure you sleep adequately each day and take rest regularly to prevent fatigue.
- Place cool cucumber slices over the closed eyes for approximately 15 minutes before you go to sleep.
- Regulate your dietary salt intake by researching on sodium content of each food type you take. This will prevent fluid retention and overload.
- You can apply vitamin K cream on the skin under the eyes. This is because it heals bruises and improves blood flow.
- Look for foods that contain vitamin C. This antioxidant vitamin has been shown to help to reduce dark circles under the eyes. Make sure you take a diet rich in vitamin C.
- Take dietary supplements such as grape seed extract and pycnogenol. This is because they contain antioxidant pigments which strengthen the blood vessel to prevent engorgement and dilation.
- You can apply cool teabags over closed eyes.
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